I-European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) isanda kukhipha umbiko ochaza isimo somkhuhlane wezinyoni kusukela ngoMashi kuya kuJuni 2022. I-Highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) ngo-2021 kanye no-2022 wubhubhane olukhulu kunawo wonke kuze kube manje olubonwa e-Europe, nengqikithi yezinkukhu ezingu-2,398. Ukuqubuka kwezifo emazweni angama-36 aseYurophu, izinyoni eziyizigidi ezingama-46 zabulawa ezikhungweni ezithintekile, eziyi-168 ezitholwe ezinyonini ezithunjiwe, amacala angama-2733 omkhuhlane wezinyoni we-avian atholakala ezinyonini zasendle.

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I-France ihlaselwe kakhulu umkhuhlane wezinyoni.

Phakathi komhlaka-16 Mashi kanye no-10 Juni 2022, amazwe angama-28 e-EU/EEA kanye ne-UK abike izehlakalo eziyi-1,182 zokuhlolwa kwegciwane le-HPAI ezihlanganisa izinkukhu (750), izinyoni zasendle (410) nezinyoni ezikhuliswe ezivalelwe (22).Ngesikhathi sokubika, ama-86% okuqubuka kwezinkukhu kube ngenxa yokudluliselwa kwegciwane le-HPAI emapulazini kuya kwelinye.IFrance ibalwa ngamaphesenti angama-68 okuqubuka kwezinkukhu, iHungary ngamaphesenti angama-24 futhi wonke amanye amazwe athintekile angaphansi kwamaphesenti ama-2 lilinye.

Kukhona ingozi yokutheleleka ngezifo ezilwaneni zasendle.

Inani eliphakeme kakhulu lokubonwa kwezinyoni zasendle elaseJalimane (158), lilandelwa iNetherlands (98) kanye ne-United Kingdom (48).Ukuphikelela okubonwayo kwegciwane eliyingozi kakhulu le-avian influenza (H5) ezinyonini zasendle kusukela ngo-2020-2021 igagasi eliwubhubhane liphakamisa ukuthi kungenzeka ukuthi seligcwele izinyoni zasendle zase-Europe, okusho ukuthi i-HPAI A (H5) ibeka engcupheni impilo yezinkukhu, abantu kanye nezilwane zasendle. eYurophu ahlale unyaka wonke, Ingozi iphezulu ekwindla nasebusika.Impendulo yalesi simo esisha se-epidemiological ihlanganisa incazelo kanye nokuqaliswa okusheshayo kwamasu okunciphisa i-HPAI afanelekile futhi asimeme, njengezinyathelo ezifanele ze-biosecurity kanye namasu okuqapha ezinyathelo zokutholwa kusenesikhathi ezinhlelweni ezihlukene zokukhiqiza izinkukhu.Amasu aphakathi nendawo ukuya esikhathini eside okunciphisa ukuminyana kwezinkukhu ezindaweni ezinobungozi kakhulu kufanele acatshangelwe.

Amacala ngamazwe

Imiphumela yokuhlaziywa kofuzo ikhombisa ukuthi igciwane elizungeza eYurophu lingele-2.3.4.4B clade.Amagciwane e-avian influenza A (H5) anamandla kakhulu atholakala ezinhlotsheni zezilwane ezincelisayo zasendle e-Canada, e-United States, nase-Japan futhi abonise izimpawu zofuzo eziguqulelwe ukuze ziphindaphindeke ezilwaneni ezincelisayo.Selokhu kukhishwe umbiko wokugcina, kubikwe izifo ezine ze-A(H5N6), ezimbili ze-A(H9N2) nezimbili ze-A(H3N8) eChina, kanti i-A(H5N1) eyodwa ibike e-United States.Ingozi yokutheleleka ihlolwe ukuthi iphansi kumphakathi jikelele we-EU/EEA futhi iphansi ukuya kokumaphakathi phakathi kothintana nabo emsebenzini.

Isaziso: I-copyright yalesi sihloko ngeyombhali wokuqala, futhi noma yiziphi izinjongo zokukhangisa nezokuthengisa azivunyelwe.Uma kutholakala noma yikuphi ukwephulwa komthetho, sizokususa ngesikhathi futhi sisize abanikazi be-copyright ekuvikeleni amalungelo nezintshisekelo zabo.


Isikhathi sokuthumela: Aug-31-2022